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Monthly Archives: February 2012

Stock market

stock market or equity market is a public entity (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) for the trading of company stock (shares) andderivatives at an agreed price; these are securities listed on a stock exchange as well as those only traded privately.

The size of the world stock market was estimated at about $36.6 trillion at the beginning of October 2008.[1] The total world derivatives market has been estimated at about $791 trillion face or nominal value,[2] 11 times the size of the entire world economy.[3] The value of the derivatives market, because it is stated in terms of notional values, cannot be directly compared to a stock or a fixed income security, which traditionally refers to an actual value. Moreover, the vast majority of derivatives ‘cancel’ each other out (i.e., a derivative ‘bet’ on an event occurring is offset by a comparable derivative ‘bet’ on the event not occurring). Many such relatively illiquid securities are valued as marked to model, rather than an actual market price.

The stocks are listed and traded on stock exchanges which are entities of a corporation or mutual organization specialized in the business of bringing buyers and sellers of the organizations to a listing of stocks and securities together. The largest stock market in the United States, by market capitalization, is the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). In Canada, the largest stock market is the Toronto Stock Exchange. Major European examples of stock exchanges include the Amsterdam Stock ExchangeLondon Stock ExchangeParis Bourse, and theDeutsche Börse (Frankfurt Stock Exchange). In Africa, examples include Nigerian Stock ExchangeJSE Limited, etc. Asian examples include the Singapore Exchange, the Tokyo Stock Exchange, the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, the Shanghai Stock Exchange, and the Bombay Stock Exchange. In Latin America, there are such exchanges as the BM&F Bovespa and theBMV.

Market participants include individual retail investors, institutional investors such as mutual funds, banks, insurance companies and hedge funds, and also publicly traded corporations trading in their own shares. Some studies have suggested that institutional investors and corporations trading in their own shares generally receive higher risk-adjusted returns than retail investors.

 
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Posted by on February 29, 2012 in Study and Read

 

Kandal Province

Kandal  is my province 

Tourist attractions

Ang Kor Chey Pagoda:
– Description: Ang Kor Chey Pagoda is located at Ban Tey Dek commune, Kean Svay District in total distance of 29,000 km from Phnom Penh or 32,600 km from Ta Khmao by the National Road N0 1 (Phnom Penh-Svay Rieng province). We travel along the National Road N0 1 from Phnom Penh or Ta Khmao to Kilometer 29 then exceed about 50 meters, there is a gate at the right hand side written “Ang Kor Chey Pagoda”. If we enter by trail about 1,600 meter, we will reach the entertainment center. The pagoda constructed with having five peaks as the temple’s peaks. Before reaching the pagoda, we need to pass over a 100-meter wooden bridge; under the bridge, there is a big pond for keeping water during the dry season. Behind the pagoda, three is an artificial site located on the black hill characterized as resident of Neak Mean Bon or King. It is said that the black hill is a former palace because we found ancient objects and equipment like bowls and pot characterizing the ancient feature. Now, the black hill has been organized and maintained.
Handicraft Centre:
– Description: Handicraft center is located at Koh Dach Commune, Muk Kampool District at the middle of Mekong River. The commune of Koh Dach has 12-kilometer length and width from 100m to 2,500 Meters, borders Prek Luong commune at the East and Uk Nha Tey commune, Koh Dach district at the west, and faces with the communes of Prek Leap and Bak Kheng, Muk Kanpool District. The commune of Koh Dach has five villages, namely: Koh Dach, Kbal Koh, Lvea, Chong Koh and Neah village. The commune?s Hall is located at Kbal Koh village. Due to flooding of Mekong River flowing from Upper Mekong to Lower Mekong then to Vietnam has caused the area of Kbal Koh guadually collapsed. The main careers of the local people there are: – Planting sub-product crop such as corn, sesame, bean and banana. – Planting fruit tree – Manufacturing mosquito net, silk sarong, Phamuong, Hol, silk krama and running small businesses. The commune of koh Dach has three pagodas, namely Ampor Phal, Kra Pumpich and SaMaki kbal koh.
Kean Svay Krau Pagoda:
– Description: Kean Svay Krau Pagoda is located at Phum Thum commune, Kean Svay District in total distance of 19 km from Phnom Penh or 20 km from Ta Khmao. To get there, we travel along the National Road N0 1 (Phnom Penh Svay Rieng), pass over Preak Monivong bridge (the Kbal Thnol bridge) to kilometer 19, then turn left by a trail into the gate of Kean Svay Krau pagoda in 300-metre distance will reach the entertainment center. The resort of Kean Svay Krau pagoda is located at Kean Svay District and has 10-kilometre distance from Phnom Penh along the National Road N0 1. The resort has the natural beauty decorated by small and big high trees, crop and fruit trees giving cool shadow with green scenery. Long ago it was not a resort; it occurred after 1979 and has main point at Kean Svay Krau pagoda. In additional, the resort is stretched over by an excellent river of Ktob shared from Mekong River flowing across the fertile area with abundant crop farms.
Koh Dach:
– How to go: 29 km (1h:30mn) From Provincial Town.
– Description: Nature wildlife and Preserves.

– Location: National Road No 6a, Kon Dach Commune, Mok Kampoul District.
Phnom Athareus/Phnom Odong:
– How to go: 51 km (2h) From Provincial Town.
– Description: Nature wildlife and Preserves.

– Location: National Road No5, Cheyodom Village, Psadek Commune, Ponyaleu District
Phnom Edtharoes:
– Description: Phnom Edtharoes located at the Communes of Psardek and Phnom Bat in Ponhea Leu District. The mountain of Edtharoes has three nemes called Phnom Udong or Phnom Preah Reachtrop or Phnom Edtharoes, which can be accessed by National Road No 5 “Phnom Penh-Battambang ” ie from Phnom Penh to the turning road at Kilomet 37 and turn left about 3.50 Kilometers by red soil Road. The total distance from Phnom Penh to the mountain is 40.50 Kilometers. If we go from Ta Khmao to the mountain, the distance is 51.50 Kilometers. The mountain of Edtharoes lasts from the North to the South in a length of 1,500 Meters and its width of 700 Meters. The mountain surrounded by roads including the eastern and western roads. At the North of the mountain, there is Phnom village and at the South, there is Porane village. The mountain has five peaks: The one-stupa peak has equal height to the Tri Treng peak, the mountain peak, the four-stupas peak, The peak of Preah Ang Chol Nipean and the peak of Ariya Kasbak.
Phnom Prasith:
– Description: Located at the communes of Ma Kak, Phnom Penh District and Chhving, Ponhea Leu District. To get there ?By the document of Khmer Table Part 6 ? explains that tourists should travel along the National Road N0 5 (Phnom Penh-Battambang) until they reach the Kilometer 38 closed to Udong market, turn left about 16 Kilometers by the National Road N0 26 until they reach the turning road, turn left as long as they reach the Prasith Mountain. Nowadays, visitor do not like to go along the National Road N0 26 which is not in good condition and 100% safe. This road is also the common border of Kandal and Kampong Speu. The popular road to reach the Prasith Mountain is the National Road N0 5, when we reach the turning road at Pred Pnov market in Kilometre 11, turn left about 13 kilometres. The total distance from Phnom Penh to Prasith Mountain is 24 km and from Ta Khmao to Prasith mountain is 35 km. In the future, the National Road N0 26 and other roads to Prasith mountain are in good condition and assuring security.
Sa Ang Mounain:
– Description: Located at Sa Ang commune in distance of 23 km from Ta Khmao or 34 km from Phnom Penh and can be accessible by the New National Road N0 21 (constructed during the Pol Pot time stretching over the plain area of Toul Kra Sang); from Ta Khmao to meet the Old National Road N0 21 at Chhouk Leap Pagoda, Roka Kpos Commune in 12-kilometre distance; from Chhouk Leak Pagoda to the market of Sa Ang District in 5-kilometre distance, turn right 2.5 km by a trail, will reach a gate of a pagoda, then turn right 2.5 km by a trail, will reach the mountain of Sa Ang. The mountain of Sa Ang is a type of natural and cultural site, there is a pagoda constructed at the highest peak of mountain where we can view the beautiful scenery of the surrounding. Sa Ang Mountain does not have many trees as Thon Mon Mountain; but around the pagoda, there is a big lake riches in fish, flowers of Rum Chong and ProLit; besides boating, tourists can enjoy fishing. During rainy season, Sa Ang Mountain seems to be an island surrounded by a vast water.
Tum Pek Pagoda:
– Description: Located at Krang Yau Commune, Sa ang District, Kandal province. Kandal province has 8,000-hectar landarea and 12,700 people. Krang Yau is the developed region of Samdach Hun Sen having projects on development and agricultural product processing; in this region, there are vast rice fields, canal network and good red soil roads connecting from village to village. In Krang Yau pagoda, there are three pagodas, namely: An Det, Kong Nea Ream and Tum Pek pagoda. Among the three pagodas, only Tum Pek pagoda that has been arranged as tourist-attractive site which has eight artificial temples constructed by the supreme dead of the pagoda in the purpose of changing the area as the tourist attractive site by making roads around the pagoda, planting trees along the mountain valley and excavating ponds. In addition the pagoda has arranged one-hectare wedding part for new couple to plant trees as their remembrance; in the eight temples, the pagoda has display the beautiful ancient objects for tourists.
Wat Phnom Reap:
– Description: Historical Sites and Buildings.

– Location: National Raod 5, Svay Oudom Village, Ponsang Commune, Ang Snuol District.
Wat Phnom Thon Mond:
– Description: Wat Phnom Thom Mond is located at Prek Koy Commune, Sa Ang District in the distance of 23.50 Kilometers from Ta Khmao or in the distance of 34.50 Kilometers from Phnom Penh by the National Road No 21. The mountain of Thon Mond can be reached by the National Road No 21 from Phnom Penh to the market of Prek Touch ?the market of Sa Ang District and continue to the turning road at Svay Tany Primary School ?20 Kilometers from Ta Khmao by the new National Road No 21 and turn right about 3.50 Kilometers. If we want to go along Tonle Basac River, the distance of waterway equal to the distance of the old Road No 21 from Phnom Penh to Sa Ang market in the distance of 36 Kilometers. The monastery was built in 1954 by a monk named Rath Phann. Nowadays, by the supports from generous people, the monastery became a tourist attraction in Kandal province. On the other hand, because people believe the goodness and effectiveness of the monastery, the monastery can attract many local visitors, who go there especially on the.

Source: Ministry of Tourism of the Kingdom of Cambodia

 
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Posted by on February 27, 2012 in Uncategorized

 

My Province

Introduction 

Kandal is one of the smaller provinces of Cambodia. This province completely surrounds, but does not include, the Cambodian capital Phnom Penh. It’s capital is Ta Khmau (lit. Black Grandfather) and is around 20km south of Phnom Penh. The province is re-known for its ancient history. One of the major attractions is Udong, which served as the former capital of Cambodia under several sovereigns between 1618 and 1866. A number of kings, including King Norodom, were crowned here.

The most interesting things to see there, are: several Stupas, some of them recently renewed, a huge 8m high reclining Buddha and the battered Ta San Mosque on the smaller ridge.  As Kandal province isn’t far from Phnom Penh it is easily and quickly to enter, even if it’s just a day trip. There is quite a bunch of places of interest such as Ang Kor Chey Pagoda, which is located at Ban Tey Dek commune, Kean Svay District with a total distance of 29km from Phnom Penh or 32,6km from Ta Khmao by the National Road N0 1 (Phnom Penh Svay Rieng province). You have to travel along the National Road N0 1 from Phnom Penh or Ta Khmao to Kilometre 29 then exceed about 50 metres, there is a gate at the right with a handwritten sign: Ang Kor Chey Pagoda.

If we enter by trail about 1,600m, we will reach the entertainment centre. The pagoda is constructed with five peaks as the temple’s peaks. Before reaching the pagoda, we need to pass over a 100 meter wooden bridge; under the bridge, there is a big pond for keeping water during the dry season. Behind the pagoda you’ll see an artificial site located on the black hill characterized as resident of Neak Mean Bon or King. It is said that the black hill is a former palace, because they found ancient objects and equipment like bowls and pots characterizing ancient features.

Now, the black hill has been organized and maintained by guards, because it relates to the belief in sacred objects there. Nowadays, Angkor Chey pagoda has a lot of local visitors, especially those, who cling to abstract belief; they go there to have themselves sacredly watered. In addition, Ang Kor Chey pagoda is surrounded with beautiful scenery offering cool shadows from the trees and a pleasant environment.


 
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Posted by on February 27, 2012 in Uncategorized

 

What do you want to read ?

Stock

Definition

An instrument that signifies an ownership position (called equity) in a corporation, and represents a claim on its proportional share in the corporation’s assets and profits. Ownership in the company is determined by the number of shares a person owns divided by the total number of shares outstanding. For example, if a company has 1000 shares of stock outstanding and a person owns 50 of them, then he/she owns 5% of the company. Most stock also provides voting rights, which give shareholders a proportional vote in certain corporate decisions. Only a certain type of company called a corporation has stock; other types of companies such as sole proprietorships and limited partnerships do not issue stock. also called equity or equity securities or corporate stock.

Equity

Definitions (4)

1. In the context of a futures trading account, it is the value of the securities in the account, assuming that the account is liquidated at the going price. In the context of a brokerage account, it is the net value of the account, i.e. the value of securities in the account less any margin requirements.

2. Ownership interest in a corporation in the form of common stock or preferred stock.

3. Total assets minus total liabilities; here also called shareholder’s equity or net worth or book value.

4. Real Estate: The difference between what a property is worth and what the owner owes against that property (i.e. the difference between the house value and the remaining mortgage or loan payments on a house).

Asset

Definition

Any item of economic value owned by an individual or corporation, especially that which could be converted to cash. Examples are cash, securitiesaccounts receivableinventory, office equipment, real estate, a car, and other property. On a balance sheet, assets are equal to the sum of liabilitiescommon stockpreferred stock, andretained earnings. From an accounting perspective, assets are divided into the following categories: current assets (cash and other liquid items), long-term assets (real estate, plant, equipment), prepaid and deferred assets (expenditures for future costs such as insurancerentinterest), and intangible assets (trademarks,patentscopyrightsgoodwill).

Working capital

Definition

Current assets minus current liabilities. Working capital measures how much in liquid assets a company has available to build its business. The number can be positive or negative, depending on how much debt the company is carrying. In general, companies that have a lot of working capital will be more successful since they canexpand and improve their operations. Companies with negative working capital may lack the funds necessary for growth. also called net current assets or current capital.

Revenue

Definitions (2)

1. For a company, this is the total amount of money received by the company for goods sold or services provided during a certain time period. It also includes all net salesexchange of assetsinterest and any other increase in owner’s equity and is calculated before any expenses are subtracted. Net income can be calculated by subtracting expenses from revenue. In terms of reporting revenue in a company’s financial statements, different companies consider revenue to be received, or “recognized”, different ways. For example, revenue could be recognized when a deal is signed, when the money is received, when the services are provided, or at other times. There are rules specifying when revenue should be recognized in different situations for companies using different accounting methods, such as cash basis and accrual basis accounting.

2. For the government, the increase in assets of governmental funds that do not increase liability or recovery of expenditure. This revenue is obtained from taxeslicenses and fees.

Net income

Definitions (2)

1. In business, what remains after subtracting all the costs (namely, business, depreciationinterest, and taxes) from a company’s revenuesNet income is sometimes called the bottom line. also called earnings or net profit.

2. For an individual, gross income minus taxesallowances, and deductions. An individual’s net income is used to determine how much income tax is owed.

Net profit

Definition

Often referred to as the bottom linenet profit is calculated by subtracting a company’s total expenses from total revenue, thus showing what the company has earned (or lost) in a given period of time (usually one year). also called net income or net earnings.

 
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Posted by on February 24, 2012 in Study and Read, Uncategorized

 

What is a Sole Proprietorship?

With more than 17 million operating in the United States, nearly 70 percent of businesses operate as sole proprietorships. In addition to the relative simplicity compared to large corporations, opening a sole proprietorship is a low-cost method of entering into the business world. From consultants and free lancers to independent contractors, nearly anyone can create a sole proprietorship.

As the name suggests, “sole proprietorship” refers to a business that is owned by a single owner and should not be confused with a corporation. There are no corporate taxes involved and the sole proprietor pays income tax on the profits generated. The person who organized the business pays personal income taxes on the profits made. This makes the accounting procedure relatively simple for the sole proprietor, who also enjoys complete autonomy in terms of making business decisions.

Setting up a sole proprietorship is easy. One of the main steps is to obtain a local business license (a sales tax permit may also be required). For certain businesses, such as restaurants or legal practices, you may need additional local or state licenses. Legal regulations and licenses aside, there are other major factors to consider when setting up a sole proprietorship. You will have to create a business plan, develop marketing and advertising campaigns, set up a budget, and find ways to fund your business.

Advantages and Disadvantages of a sole proprietorship

Many business owners choose to operate as a sole proprietorship to alleviate the difficult tax procedures that go along with other forms of operation. As a sole proprietor, you would simply have to file an individual income tax return (IRS Form 1040) including your business losses and profits. There are no restrictions on the number of people you can hire, and from the tax and legal perspective there is no distinction between you and your business. You can therefore hire as many people as you want and also recruit independent contractors if need be. Being in complete control of their business, sole proprietors make all the business decisions keeping law in mind.

Sole proprietorship is not for every business owners especially business owners that are not willing to assume all risks. Unlike a corporation or LLC, your business doesn’t exist as a separate legal entity. All your personal wealth and assets are linked to the business. Another downside is the inability to raise capital easily. Proprietors cannot sell shares the way other corporations do, so they have to seek out alternative methods to raise the necessary capital to expand their business.

Choosing the best business structure will ultimately impact the success of your business. Setting up a sole proprietorship is the easy and quick way to setup a business, but may not be the best structure for your operation. Make sure you weigh all the pros and cons before deciding if this structure will work for you.

 
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Posted by on February 14, 2012 in Study and Read, Uncategorized

 

What is a Cocktail?

The official definition of a Cocktail according to the modern Merriam-Webster Dictionary is “an iced drink of wine or distilled liquor mixed with flavoring ingredients.” That’s a pretty broad definition, but reflects the modern practice of referring to almost any mixed drinkas a Cocktail. The first published definition of the Cocktail appeared in an editorial response in The Balance and Columbian Repository of 1806. This read: “Cocktail is a stimulating liquor, composed of spirits of any kind, sugar, water and bitters.” It is this definition of ingredients that still refers to the “ideal cocktail.

When was the cocktail created?
People have been mixing drinks for centuries but it wasn’t until the 17th and 18th centuries that the precursors of the Cocktail (the Slings, Fizzes,Toddies and Juleps) became popular enough to be recorded in history. It’s unclear where, who, and what went into the creation of the original Cocktail, but it seems to be a specific drink rather than a category of mixed drinks during that time.

The first published reference to the Cocktail appears in the Farmer’s Cabinet (Amherst, New Hampshire, April 28, 1803). The spoof editorial tells of a “lounger” who, with an 11 a.m. hangover, “…Drank a glass of cocktail – excellent for the head…” InImbibe!, David Wondrich attributes the first known Cocktail recipe in print to Captain J.E. Alexander in 1831 who calls for brandygin or rum in a mix of “…a third of the spirit to two-thirds of the water; add bitters, and enrich with sugar and nutmeg…”

Where did the name Cocktail come from?
There are as many stories behind the origin of the name Cocktail as there are behind the creation of the Margarita or the Martini. As always, some are preposterous, some believable and who knows, one may be the truth. None the less, the stories are interesting.

 
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Posted by on February 11, 2012 in Uncategorized

 

Fly

What you want to fly ?  So now i want to fly all problem . But i’m to take responsibility all work and my life .

 

 
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Posted by on February 9, 2012 in Uncategorized

 

What is Love ?

 Love do for people happy .

Love do for people not lonely .

Love is sweet for 2 people because not have broken heart .

But Love for …….. hurt everyday and every time i miss you

Can not for get you forever .

 
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Posted by on February 9, 2012 in Uncategorized

 

My Photo

 
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Posted by on February 9, 2012 in Uncategorized

 

coco

Drink it

 
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Posted by on February 9, 2012 in Uncategorized